Local Documents

Local documents are a special class of documents which are used to store local metadata. They come in handy when you want to store settings or additional data next to your documents.

  • Local Documents can exist on RxDatabase or RxCollection.
  • Local Document do not have to match the collections schema.
  • Local Documents do not get replicated.
  • Local Documents will not be found on queries.
  • Local Documents can not have attachments.
  • Local Documents will not get handled by the data-migration.
  • The id of a local document has the maxLength of 128 characters.

Add the local documents plugin

To enable the local documents, you have to add the local-documents plugin.

import { addRxPlugin } from 'rxdb';
import { RxDBLocalDocumentsPlugin } from 'rxdb/plugins/local-documents';

Activate the plugin for a RxDatabase or RxCollection

For better performance, the local document plugin does not create a storage for every database or collection that is created. Instead you have to set localDocuments: true when you want to store local documents in the instance.

// activate local documents on a RxDatabase
const myDatabase = await createRxDatabase({
    name: 'mydatabase',
    storage: getRxStoragePouch('memory'),
    localDocuments: true // <- activate this to store local documents in the database

  messages: {
    schema: messageSchema,
    localDocuments: true // <- activate this to store local documents in the collection

NOTICE: If you want to store local documents in a RxCollection but NOT in the RxDatabase, you MUST NOT set localDocuments: true in the RxDatabase because it will only slow down the inital database creation.


Creates a local document for the database or collection. Throws if a local document with the same id already exists. Returns a Promise which resolves the new RxLocalDocument.

const localDoc = await myCollection.insertLocal(
    'foobar',   // id
    {           // data
        foo: 'bar'

// you can also use local-documents on a database
const localDoc = await myDatabase.insertLocal(
    'foobar',   // id
    {           // data
        foo: 'bar'


Creates a local document for the database or collection if not exists. Overwrites the if exists. Returns a Promise which resolves the RxLocalDocument.

const localDoc = await myCollection.upsertLocal(
    'foobar',   // id
    {           // data
        foo: 'bar'


Find a RxLocalDocument by it's id. Returns a Promise which resolves the RxLocalDocument or null if not exists.

const localDoc = await myCollection.getLocal('foobar');


Like getLocal() but returns an Observable that emits the document or null if not exists.

const subscription = myCollection.getLocal$('foobar').subscribe(documentOrNull => {
    console.dir(documentOrNull); // > RxLocalDocument or null


A RxLocalDocument behaves like a normal RxDocument.

const localDoc = await myCollection.getLocal('foobar');

// access data
const foo = localDoc.get('foo');

// change data
localDoc.set('foo', 'bar2');
await localDoc.save();

// observe data
localDoc.get$('foo').subscribe(value => { /* .. */ });

// remove it
await localDoc.remove();

NOTICE: Because the local document does not have a schema, accessing the documents data-fields via pseudo-proxy will not work.

const foo = localDoc.foo; // undefined
const foo = localDoc.get('foo'); // works!

localDoc.foo = 'bar'; // does not work!
localDoc.set('foo', 'bar'); // works

For the usage with typescript, you can have access to the typed data of the document over toJSON()

declare type MyLocalDocumentType = {
  foo: string
const localDoc = await myCollection.upsertLocal<MyLocalDocumentType>(
    'foobar',   // id
    {           // data
        foo: 'bar'

// typescript will know that foo is a string
const foo: string = localDoc.toJSON().foo;

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